April 20, 2010

2009 CBSE Chemistry Question paper

2009 CBSE Chemistry Question paper

General Instructions :

i) All questions are compulsory.
ii) Marks for each question are indicated against it.
iii) Questions number 1 to 8 are very short answer questions and carry 1 mark each.
iv) Questions number 9 to 18 are short answer questions and carry 2 marks each.
v) Questions number 19 to 27 are also short answer questions and carry 3 marks each.
vi) Questions number 28 to 30 are long answer questions and carry 5 marks each.
vii) Use Log Tables,if necessary.Use of calculators is not allowed.

1.Name the type of defect present in NaCl.. [1]

2.The rate constant k=5.0X10-2L2mol-2s-2.What is the order of reaction ? [1]

3.Write the IUPAC name of HOOCCH2C(CH3)=CHCOOH [1]

4.How many tetrahedral voids are there in 1 mole of compound having cubic close packed structure ?

5.What are monomers of nucleic acids ? [1]

6.Why are alcohols soluble in water ? [1]

7.What are antipyretics?Give one example. [1]

8.Predict the shape of XeF4 on the basis of VSEPR theory. [1]

9.An element has bcc structure with edge length 288pm.Molar mass of element is 52 g mol-1.Calculate its density.

10.Account for the following : [2]

i) All adsorption processes are exothermic.

ii) Lyophilic sols are more stable than Lyophobic sols.

11. When concentrated Sulphuric acid is added to an unknown salt ‘A’ present in a test tube,a violet gas ‘B’ is evolved.This gas dissolves in KI solution more than water.The gas is also soluble in CCl4.Its solution in alcohol is used as an
antiseptic.Identify ‘A’ and ‘B’ and explain the observations.

12. Which is more acidic-phenol or p-nitrophenol ? Explain. [2]

13. How will you distinguish between : [2]

viii) Aniline and benzylamine.

ix) CH3CH2NH2 and (CH3)2NH.

14.Give mechanism to obtain Ethene from Ethanol. [2]

15.What are synthetic detergents ?Why do they work well in hard water ? give one example of anionic detergent.

16.i)What happens when NH3 reacts with excess of chlorine?Write the chemical equation.

ii) Blue vitriol becomes white on addition of Concentrated H2SO4.Explain.

17.Write the Riemer-Tiemann reaction of Phenol. [2]

18.Give mechanism of ß-elimination reaction of 2-bromobutane with [2]

alcoholic KOH.Why is it called nucleophilic elimination reaction ?

19.Vapour pressure of CHCl3 is 200mm Hg and CH2Cl2 415mm Hg at 298 K [3]

i) Calculate vapour pressure of solution prepared by mixing 25.5 g of

CHCl3 40 g of CH2Cl2 at 298 K.

ii) Mole fraction of each component in vapour phase.

20. Write reaction at cathode as well as anode and calculate i) E0cell and [3]

ii) ?G0 at 298 K for Mg(s)|Mg2+(1.0X10-3)||Cu2+(1.0X10-4)|Cu(s)

Given E0 Mg2+|Mg = -2.37 V, E0 Cu2+|Cu = + 0.34 V

Calculate the temperature at which a solution containing 54 g of glucose

C6H12O6 in 250 g water will freeze.(Kf for water= 1.86 K Kg mol-1)

21.i) At site,low grade copper ores are available and Zinc and iron scraps [3]

are available.Which of the two scraps would be more suitable for reducing

leached copper ore and why ?

ii) How is Zirconium purified ?

iii) What is used as stationary phase in column chromatography ?

22. Explain the following : [3]

i) Transition metals show variable oxidation states.

ii) Zn,Cd,Hg are volatile metals.

iii) The ionization energy varies irregularly in first and second transition series.

23.What happens when Glucose reacts with : [3]
i) Excess of HI ii) Conc.HNO3 iii) Acetic anhydride

24. i) [Ni(CN)4]2- ion has square planar geometry and is diamagnetic whereas [3]
[NiCl4]2- has tetrahedral geometry and paramagnetic.Explain these characteristics on the basis of hybridization of orbitals.[At no. of Ni=28]
ii) Give an example of coordination compounds used in biological systems.

25. Complete the following reactions and balance them : [3]
i) NH3 + NaOCl ----à
ii) P4O6 + H2O ----à
iii) HNO3 + P2O5 ---à

26. i) Glucose has cyclic structure.Give two reasons. [3]
ii) What is meant by Mutarotation ? Explain with the help of example.

27. Give reasons for the following : [3]

i) CN- ion is known but CP- is not known.
ii) NO2 dimerises to form N2O4
iii) ICl is more reactive than I2

28. An organic compound ‘A’ with molecular formula C5H8O2 is reduced to n-pentane on treatment with Zn-Hg/HCl.’A’ forms a dioxime with hydroxylamine and gives a positive Iodoform test and Tollen’s reagent test.
Identify the compound A and deduce its structure.

29.i) State why is lowering of vapour pressure of solution a colligative [5]property

ii) Why is osmotic pressure used for determining molecular weight of biomolecules ?

iii) The boiling point elevation for 1.20 g of solute in 100 g of benzeneis 0.253 K.If the solute is acetic acid ,what conclusion would you draw
about the state of its molecule in this solution ?Kb for benzene is2.53 K kg mol-1.Calculate elevation in boiling point if solute behaves normally.

30.Give a chemical equation to illustrate the following processes- [5]

i) Reimer Tieman reaction
ii) Cannizzaro reaction


Give reasons :

i) Transition metals form interstitial compounds.
ii) The third ionization energy of Mn is high.
iii) Chromium has high melting point.
iv) Zn,Cd,Hg are not regarded as transition metals.
v) There is decrease in atomic size with increasing atomic numbers of transition metals across a period.



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