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B.E EEE 4/IV Semester Syllabus
ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI: CHENNAI – 600 025
B.E DEGREE PROGRAMME ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Offered in Colleges affiliated to Anna University)
CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS – REGULATIONS – 2004
B.E ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING SEMESTER IV SYLLABUS
SEMESTER IV(Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2006 – 2007 onwards)
|MA 1251||Numerical Methods||3|| |
|EE 1251||Electrical Machines – II||3|| |
|EE 1252||Transmission & Distribution||3|| |
|IC 1251||Control Systems||3|| |
|EC 1261||Electronic Circuits||3|| |
|ME 1211||Applied Thermodynamics||3|| |
|IC 1252||Control Systems Laboratory||0|| |
|EC 1262||Electronic Devices and Circuits Laboratory||0|| |
|EE 1304||Electrical Machines Laboratory – II||0|| |
MA 1251 NUMERICAL METHODS 3 1 0 100
With the present development of the computer technology, it is necessary to develop efficient algorithms for solving problems in science, engineering and technology. This course gives a complete procedure for solving different kinds of problems occur in engineering numerically.
At the end of the course, the students would be acquainted with the basic concepts in numerical methods and their uses are summarized as follows:
i. The roots of nonlinear (algebraic or transcendental) equations, solutions of large system of linear equations and eigen value problem of a matrix can be obtained numerically where analytical methods fail to give solution.
ii. When huge amounts of experimental data are involved, the methods discussed on interpolation will be useful in constructing approximate polynomial to represent the data and to find the intermediate values.
iii. The numerical differentiation and integration find application when the function in the analytical form is too complicated or the huge amounts of data are given such as series of measurements, observations or some other empirical information.
iv. Since many physical laws are couched in terms of rate of change of one/two or more independent variables, most of the engineering problems are characterized in the form of either nonlinear ordinary differential equations or partial differential equations. The methods introduced in the solution of ordinary differential equations and partial differential equations will be useful in attempting any engineering problem.
1. SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9
Linear interpolation methods (method of false position) – Newton’s method – Statement of fixed point theorem – Fixed point iteration: x=g(x) method – Solution of linear system by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordon methods - Iterative methods: Gauss Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods - Inverse of a matrix by Gauss Jordon method – Eigen value of a matrix by power method.
2. INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION 9
Lagrangian Polynomials – Divided differences – Interpolating with a cubic spline – Newton’s forward and backward difference formulas.
3. NUMERICAL DIFFERENTIATION AND INTEGRATION 9
Derivatives from difference tables – Divided differences and finite differences –Numerical integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s 1/3 and 3/8 rules – Romberg’s method – Two and Three point Gaussian quadrature formulas – Double integrals using trapezoidal and Simpsons’s rules.
4. INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9
Single step methods: Taylor series method – Euler and modified Euler methods – Fourth order Runge – Kutta method for solving first and second order equations – Multistep methods: Milne’s and Adam’s predictor and corrector methods.
5. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9
Finite difference solution of second order ordinary differential equation – Finite difference solution of one dimensional heat equation by explicit and implicit methods – One dimensional wave equation and two dimensional Laplace and Poisson equations.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. C.F. Gerald and P.O. Wheatley, ‘Applied Numerical Analysis’, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education Asia, New Delhi, 2002.
2. E. Balagurusamy, ‘Numerical Methods’, Tata McGraw Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New Delhi, 1999.
1. P. Kandasamy, K. Thilagavathy and K. Gunavathy, ‘Numerical Methods’, S.Chand Co. Ltd., New Delhi, 2003.
2. R.L. Burden and T.D. Faires, ‘Numerical Analysis’, Seventh Edition, Thomson Asia Pvt. Ltd., Singapore, 2002.
EE 1251 ELECTRICAL MACHINES - II 3 1 0 100
To expose the students to the concepts of synchronous and asynchronous machines and analyse their performance.
To impart knowledge on
i. Construction and performance of salient and non – salient type synchronous generators.
ii. Principle of operation and performance of synchronous motor.
iii. Construction, principle of operation and performance of induction machines.
iv. Starting and speed control of three-phase induction motors.
v. Construction, principle of operation and performance of single phase induction motors and special machines.
1. SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR 9
Constructional details – Types of rotors – emf equation – Synchronous reactance – Armature reaction – Voltage regulation – e.m.f, m.m.f, z.p.f and A.S.A methods – Synchronizing and parallel operation – Synchronizing torque - Change of excitation and mechanical input – Two reaction theory – Determination of direct and quadrature axis synchronous reactance using slip test – Operating characteristics - Capability curves.
2. SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR 8
Principle of operation – Torque equation – Operation on infinite bus bars - V-curves – Power input and power developed equations – Starting methods – Current loci for constant power input, constant excitation and constant power developed.
3. THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR 12
Constructional details – Types of rotors – Principle of operation – Slip – Equivalent circuit – Slip-torque characteristics - Condition for maximum torque – Losses and efficiency – Load test - No load and blocked rotor tests - Circle diagram – Separation of no load losses – Double cage rotors – Induction generator – Synchronous induction motor.
4. STARTING AND SPEED CONTROL OF THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR 7
Need for starting – Types of starters – Stator resistance and reactance, rotor resistance, autotransformer and star-delta starters – Speed control – Change of voltage, torque, number of poles and slip – Cascaded connection – Slip power recovery scheme.
5. SINGLE PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS AND SPECIAL MACHINES 9
Constructional details of single phase induction motor – Double revolving field theory and operation – Equivalent circuit – No load and blocked rotor test – Performance analysis – Starting methods of single-phase induction motors - Special machines - Shaded pole induction motor, reluctance motor, repulsion motor, hysteresis motor, stepper motor and AC series motor.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. D.P. Kothari and I.J. Nagrath, ‘Electric Machines’, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, 2002.
2. P.S. Bhimbhra, ‘Electrical Machinery’, Khanna Publishers, 2003.
1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen.D.Umans, ‘Electric Machinery’, TataMcGraw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.
2. J.B. Gupta, ‘Theory and Performance of Electrical Machines’, S.K.Kataria and Sons, 2002.
3. K. Murugesh Kumar, ‘Electric Machines’, Vikas publishing house Pvt Ltd, 2002.
4. Sheila.C.Haran, ‘Synchronous, Induction and Special Machines’, Scitech Publications, 2001.
EE 1252 TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION 3 1 0 100
To become familiar with the function of different components used in Transmission and
Distribution levels of power systems and modelling of these components.
i. To develop expression for computation of fundamental parameters of lines.
ii. To categorize the lines into different classes and develop equivalent circuits for these classes.
iii. To analyse the voltage distribution in insulator strings and cables and methods to improve the same.
1. INTRODUCTION 9
Structure of electric power system: Various levels such as generation, transmission and distribution; HVDC and EHV AC transmission: comparison of economics of transmission, technical performance and reliability, application of HVDC transmission system. FACTS (qualitative treatment only): TCSC, SVC, STATCOM, UPFC.
2. TRANSMISSION LINE PARAMETERS 9
Parameters of single and three phase transmission lines with single and double circuits: Resistance, inductance and capacitance of solid, stranded and bundled conductors: Symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing and transposition; application of self and mutual GMD; skin and proximity effects; interference with neighbouring communication circuits. Typical configuration, conductor types and electrical parameters of 400, 220, 110, 66 and 33 kV lines.
3. MODELLING AND PERFORMANCE OF TRANSMISSION LINES 9
Classification of lines: Short line, medium line and long line; equivalent circuits, attenuation constant, phase constant, surge impedance; transmission efficiency and voltage regulation; real and reactive power flow in lines: Power-angle diagram; surge-impedance loading, loadability limits based on thermal loading, angle and voltage stability considerations; shunt and series compensation; Ferranti effect and corona loss.
4. INSULATORS AND CABLES 9
Insulators: Types, voltage distribution in insulator string and grading, improvement of string efficiency. Underground cables: Constructional features of LT and HT cables, capacitance, dielectric stress and grading, thermal characteristics.
5. SUBSTATION, GROUNDING SYSTEM AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM 9
Types of substations; bus-bar arrangements; substation bus schemes: single bus scheme, double bus with double breaker, double bus with single breaker, main and transfer bus, ring bus, breaker-and-a-half with two main buses, double bus-bar with bypass isolators.
Resistance of grounding systems: Resistance of driven rods, resistance of grounding point electrode, grounding grids; design principles of substation grounding system; neutral grounding.
Radial and ring-main distributors; interconnectors; AC distribution: AC distributor with concentrated load; three-phase, four-wire distribution system; sub-mains; stepped and tapered mains.
L=45 T = 15 Total =60
1. B.R.Gupta, ‘Power System Analysis and Design’, S.Chand, New Delhi, 2003.
2. S.N. Singh, ‘Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution’, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2002.
1. Luces M.Fualkenberry ,Walter Coffer, ‘Electrical Power Distribution and Transmission’, Pearson Education, 1996.
2. Hadi Saadat, ‘Power System Analysis,’ Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company’, 2003.
3. Central Electricity Authority (CEA), ‘Guidelines for Transmission System Planning’, New Delhi.
4. ‘Tamil Nadu Electricity Board Handbook’, 2003.
IC 1251 CONTROL SYSTEMS 3 1 0 100
To provide sound knowledge in the basic concepts of linear control theory and design of control system.
i. To understand the methods of representation of systems and getting their transfer function models.
ii. To provide adequate knowledge in the time response of systems and steady state error analysis.
iii. To give basic knowledge is obtaining the open loop and closed–loop frequency responses of systems.
iv. To understand the concept of stability of control system and methods of stability analysis.
v. To study the three ways of designing compensation for a control system.
1. SYSTEMS AND THEIR REPRESENTATION 9
Basic elements in control systems – Open and closed loop systems – Electrical analogy of mechanical and thermal systems – Transfer function – Synchros – AC and DC servomotors – Block diagram reduction techniques – Signal flow graphs.
2. TIME RESPONSE 9
Time response – Time domain specifications – Types of test input – I and II order system response – Error coefficients – Generalized error series – Steady state error – P, PI, PID modes of feed back control.
3. FREQUENCY RESPONSE 9
Frequency response – Bode plot – Polar plot – Constant M an N circles – Nichols chart – Determination of closed loop response from open loop response – Correlation between frequency domain and time domain specifications.
4. STABILITY OF CONTROL SYSTEM 9
Characteristics equation – Location of roots in S plane for stability – Routh Hurwitz criterion – Root locus construction – Effect of pole, zero addition – Gain margin and phase margin – Nyquist stability criterion.
5. COMPENSATOR DESIGN 9
Performance criteria – Lag, lead and lag-lead networks – Compensator design using bode plots.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. K. Ogata, ‘Modern Control Engineering’, 4th edition, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2003 / PHI.
2. I.J. Nagrath & M. Gopal, ‘Control Systems Engineering’, New Age International Publishers, 2003.
1. B.C. Kuo, ‘Automatic Control Systems’, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., New Delhi, 1995.
2. M. Gopal, ‘Control Systems, Principles & Design’, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2002.
3. M.N. Bandyopadhyay, ‘Control Engineering Theory and Practice’, Prentice Hall of India, 2003.
EC 1261 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS 3 0 0 100
To introduce the concept of realising circuits using active and passive devices for signal generation and amplification.
i. To expose the students to study the different biasing and configurations of the amplifier circuits.
ii. To study the characteristics of tuned amplifier.
iii. To expose the students to various amplifiers oscillator circuits with feedback concepts.
iv. To learn the wave shaping process and circuits.
v. To learn and analyse the process of AC to DC conversion.
1. SMALL-SIGNAL AND LARGE SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9
Fixed and self biasing of BJT & FET – Small signal analysis of CE, CC & Common source amplifiers – Cascade and Darlington connections, transformer coupled class A, B & AB amplifiers – Push-pull amplifiers.
2. DIFFERENTIAL AND TUNED AMPLIFIERS 9
Differential amplifiers – Common mode and differential mode analysis - DC and AC analysis - Characteristics of tuned amplifiers – Single & double tuned amplifier.
3. FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER AND OSCILLATORS 9
Characteristics of negative feedback amplifiers – Voltage / current, series/shunt feedback – Theory of sinusoidal oscillators – Phase shift and Wien bridge oscillators – Colpitts, Hartley and crystal oscillators.
4. PULSE CIRCUITS 9
RC wave shaping circuits – Diode clampers and clippers – Multivibrators – Schmitt triggers – UJT based saw tooth oscillators.
5. RECTIFIERS AND POWER SUPPLY CIRCUITS 9
Half wave & full wave rectifier analysis - Inductor filter – Capacitor filter - Series voltage regulator – Switched mode power supply.
L= 45 Total = 45
1. David A. Bell, ‘Electronic Devices & Circuits’, Prentice Hall of India/Pearson Education, IV Edition, Eighth printing, 2003.
2. Jacob Millman & Christos.C.Halkias, ‘Integrated Electronics: Analog and Digital Circuits and System’, Tata McGraw Hill, 1991.
1. Robert. L. Boylestad & Lo Nashelsky, ‘Electronic Devices & Circuit Theory’, Eighth edition, Pearson Education, Third Indian Reprint, 2002 / PHI.
2. Jacob Millman & Herbert Taub, ‘Pulse, Digital & Switching Waveforms’, Tata McGraw Hill, Edition 2000, 24th reprint, 2003.
3. Donald L.Schilling and Charles Belove, ‘Electronic Circuits’, 3rd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.
ME 1211 APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS 3 1 0 100
i. To expose the fundamentals of thermodynamics and to be able to use it in accounting for the bulk behaviour of the sample physical systems.
ii. To integrate the basic concepts into various thermal applications like IC engines, gas turbines, steam boiler, steam turbine, compressors, refrigeration and air conditioning.
iii. To enlighten the various modes of heat transfer and their engineering applications.
(Use of standard steam tables, refrigeration tables and heat transfer data book are
1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS 12
Classical approach: Thermodynamic systems – Boundary - Control volume - System and surroundings – Universe – Properties - State-process – Cycle – Equilibrium - Work and heat transfer – Point and path functions - First law of thermodynamics for open and closed systems - First law applied to a control volume - SFEE equations [steady flow energy equation] - Second law of thermodynamics - Heat engines - Refrigerators and heat pumps - Carnot cycle - Carnot theorem - Clausius inequality - Concept of entropy - Principle of increase of entropy - Basic thermodynamic relations.
2. IC ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES 8
Air standard cycles: Otto, diesel and dual cycles and comparison of efficiency - Working Principle of four stroke and two stroke engines - Working principle of spark ignition and compression ignition engines - Applications of IC engines - Normal and abnormal combustion - Working principle of four stroke and two stroke engines - Working principle of spark ignition and compression ignition engines - Applications of IC engines.
Open and closed cycle gas turbines – Ideal and actual cycles - Brayton cycle - Cycle with reheat, intercooling and regeneration – Applications of gas turbines for aviation and power generation.
3. STEAM BOILERS AND TURBINES 8
Formation of steam - Properties of steam – Use of steam tables and charts – Steam power cycle (Rankine) - Modern features of high-pressure boilers – Mountings and accessories – Testing of boilers.
Steam turbines: Impulse and reaction principle – Velocity diagrams – Compounding and governing methods of steam turbines (qualitative treatment only) - Layout diagram and working principle of a steam power plant.
4. COMPRESSORS, REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING 8
Positive displacement compressors – Reciprocating compressors – Indicated power – Clearance volume – Various efficiencies – Clearance ratio - Volume rate - Conditions for perfect and imperfect intercooling - Multi stage with intercooling – Rotary positive displacement compressors – Construction and working principle of centrifugal and axial flow compressors.
Unit of refrigeration - Basic functional difference between refrigeration and air conditioning – Various methods of producing refrigerating effects (RE) – Vapour compression cycle: P-H and T-S diagram - Saturation cycles - Effect of subcooling and super heating - (qualitative treatment only) - Airconditioning systems – Basic psychrometry - Simple psychrometric processes - Types of airconditioning systems -Selection criteria for a particular application (qualitative treatment only).
5. HEAT TRANSFER 9
One-dimensional Heat Conduction: Plane wall – Cylinder – Sphere - Composite walls – Critical thickness of insulation –Heat transfer through extended surfaces (simple fins).
Convection: Free convection and forced convection - Internal and external flow -Empirical relations - Determination of convection heat transfer co-efficient by using Dittus–Baetter equation.
Radiation: Black–Gray bodies - Radiation Shape Factor (RSF) - Cooling of electronic components: Thermoelectric cooling – Chip cooling.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. P.K. Nag, ‘Basic and Applied Engineering Thermodynamics’, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2002.
2. B.K. Sachdeva, ‘Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer (SI Units)’, New Age International (P) Limited, Chennai, 2003.
1. Rogers and Mayhew, ‘Engineering Thermodynamics – Work and Heat Transfer’, Addision Wesley, New Delhi, 1999.
2. Eastop and McConkey, ‘Applied Thermodynamics’, Addison Wesley, New Delhi. 1999.
3. M.L. Mathur and F.S. Metha, ‘Thermal Engineering’, Jain Brothers, New Delhi, 1997.
4 B.K. Sankaar, ‘Thermal Enginerring’, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1998.
IC 1252 CONTROL SYSTEMS LABORATORY 0 0 3 100
To provide a platform for understanding the basic concepts of linear control theory and its application to practical systems.
List of Experiments
1. Determination of transfer function parameters of a DC servo motor.
2. Determination of transfer function parameters of AC servo motor.
3. Analog simulation of type-0 and type-1 system.
4. Digital simulation of linear systems.
5. Digital simulation of non-linear systems.
6. Design and implementation of compensators.
7. Design of P, PI and PID controllers.
8. Stability analysis of linear systems.
9. Closed loop control system.
10. Study of synchros.
EC 1262 ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS LABORATORY 0 0 3 100
To study the characteristics and to determine the device parameters of various solid-state devices.
1. Static Characteristics of transistor under CE, CB, CC and determination of hybrid parameters.
2. Static characteristics and parameter determination of JFET.
3. Static characteristics of semiconductor diode, zener diode and study of simple voltage regulator circuits.
4. Static characteristics of UJT and its application as a relaxation oscillator.
5. Photodiode, Phototransistor characteristics and study of light activated relay circuit.
6. Static characteristics of Thermistors.
7. Single phase half wave and full wave rectifiers with inductive and capacitive filters.
8. Phase shift oscillators and Wien bridge oscillators.
9. Frequency response of common emitter amplifiers.
10. Differential amplifiers using FET.
EE 1304 ELECTRICAL MACHINES LABORATORY – II 0 0 3 100
To expose the students to the operation of synchronous machines and induction motors
and give them experimental skill.
1. Regulation of three phase alternator by emf and mmf methods
2. Regulation of three phase alternator by ZPF and ASA methods
3. Regulation of three phase salient pole alternator by slip test
4. Measurements of negative sequence and zero sequence impedance of alternators.
5. V and Inverted V curves of Three Phase Synchronous Motor.
6. Load test on three-phase induction motor.
7. No load and blocked rotor test on three-phase induction motor.
8. Separation of No-load losses of three-phase induction motor.
9. Load test on single-phase induction motor
10. No load and blocked rotor test on single-phase induction motor.
P = 45 Total = 45