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B.E DEGREE PROGRAMME CIVIL ENGINEERING (Offered in Colleges affiliated to Anna University) CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS – REGULATIONS – 2004
|Code No.||Course Title||L||T||P||M|
|MA1201||Mathematics – III||3||1||0||100|
|CY1201||Environmental Science and Engineering||3||0||0||100|
|CE1201||Mechanics of Solids||3||1||0||100|
|CE1203||Construction Techniques, Equipment and Practice||4||0||0||100|
|CE1205||Survey Practical – I||0||0||4||100|
|CE1206||Computer Aided Building Drawing||0||0||4||100|
The course objective is to develop the skills of the students in the areas of boundary value problems and transform techniques. This will be necessary for their effective studies in a large number of engineering subjects like heat conduction, communication systems, electro-optics and electromagnetic theory. The course will also serve as a prerequisite for post graduate and specialized studies and research.
1. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9
Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions – Solution of standard types of first order partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients.
2. FOURIER SERIES 9
Dirichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sine series – Half range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier Series – Parseval’s identify – Harmonic Analysis.
3. BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS 9
Classification of second order quasi linear partial differential equations – Solutions of one dimensional wave equation – One dimensional heat equation – Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation (Insulated edges excluded) – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.
4. FOURIER TRANSFORM 9
Fourier integral theorem (without proof) – Fourier transform pair – Sine and
Cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem – Parseval’s identity.
5. Z -TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9
Z-transform - Elementary properties – Inverse Z – transform – Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z - transform.
TOTAL : 60
1. Grewal, B.S., “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Thirty Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2001.
2. Kandasamy, P., Thilagavathy, K., and Gunavathy, K., “Engineering Mathematics Volume III”, S. Chand & Company ltd., New Delhi, 1996.
3. Wylie C. Ray and Barrett Louis, C., “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, Sixth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1995.
1. Andrews, L.A., and Shivamoggi B.K., “Integral Transforms for Engineers and Applied Mathematicians,” Macmillen , New York ,1988.
2. Narayanan, S., Manicavachagom Pillay, T.K. and Ramaniah, G., “Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students”, Volumes II and III, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2002.
3. Churchill, R.V. and Brown, J.W., “Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems”, Fourth Edition, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Singapore, 1987.
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make him/her sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavor that he/she participates.
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity.
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES 10
Definition, scope and importance – Need for public awareness – Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.
UNIT II ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14
Concept of an ecosystem – Structure and function of an ecosystem – Producers, consumers and decomposers – Energy flow in the ecosystem – Ecological succession – Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Desert ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to Biodiversity – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – Biogeographical classification of India – Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, National and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – Hot-spots of biodiversity – Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Field study of common plants, insects, birds
Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
UNIT III ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8
Definition – Causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards – Soil waste Management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes – Role of an individual in prevention of pollution – Pollution case studies – Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field Study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural
UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7
From Unsustainable to Sustainable development – Urban problems related to energy – Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – Wasteland reclamation – Consumerism and waste products – Environment Production Act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act – Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act – Wildlife Protection Act – Forest Conservation Act – Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation – Public awareness
UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6
Population growth, variation among nations – Population explosion – Family Welfare Programme – Environment and human health – Human Rights – Value Education – HIV / AIDS – Women and Child Welfare – Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health – Case studies.
TOTAL : 45
1. Gilbert M.Masters, Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, Pearson Education Pvt., Ltd., Second Edition, ISBN 81-297-0277-0, 2004.
2. Miller T.G. Jr., Environmental Science, Wadsworth Publishing Co.
3. Townsend C., Harper J and Michael Begon, Essentials of Ecology, Blackwell Science.
4. Trivedi R.K. and P.K. Goel, Introduction to Air Pollution, Techno-Science Publications.
1. Bharucha Erach, The Biodiversity of India, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad India, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
2. Trivedi R.K., Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
3. Cunningham, W.P.Cooper, T.H.Gorhani, Environmental Encyclopedia, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
4. Wager K.D., Environmental Management, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.
At the end of this course the student shall be able to understand about geological formations, classification and morphology of rocks, and the importance of the study of geology for civil engineers with regard to founding structures like dams, bridges, buildings, etc. The student shall also be able to appreciate the importance of geological formation in causing earthquakes and land slides.
1. GENERAL GEOLOGY 9
Geology in Civil Engineering – Branches of geology – Earth Structures and composition – Elementary knowledge on continental drift and plate technologies. Earth processes – Weathering – Work of rivers, wind and sea and their engineering importance – Earthquake belts in India. Groundwater – Mode of occurrence – prospecting – importance in civil engineering
2. MINERALOGY 9
Elementary knowledge on symmetry elements of important crystallographic systems – physical properties of minerals – study of the following rock forming minerals – Quartz family. Feldpar family, Augite, Hornblende, Biotite, Muscovite, Calcite, Garnet – properties, behaviour and engineering significance of clay minerals – Fundamentals of process of formation of ore minerals – Coal and petroleum – Their origin and occurrence in India.
3. PETROLOGY 9
Classification of rocks – distinction between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Description occurrence, engineering properties and distribution of following rocks. Igneous rocks – Granite, Syenite, Diorite, Gabbro, Pegmatite, Dolerite and Basalt Sedimentary rocks sandstone, Limestone, shale conglo, Conglomerate and breccia. Metamorphic rocks. Quartizite, Marble, Slate, Phyllite, Gniess and Schist.
4. STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICAL METHOD 9
Attitude of beds – Outcrops – Introduction to Geological maps – study of structures – Folds, faults and joints – Their bearing on engineering construction. Seismic and Electrical methods for Civil Engineering investigations
5. GEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 9
Remote sensing techniques – Study of air photos and satellite images – Interpretation for Civil Engineering projects – Geological conditions necessary for construction of Dams, Tunnels, Buildings, Road cuttings, Land slides – Causes and preventions. Sea erosion and coastal protection.
TOTAL : 45
1. Parbin Singh, “Engineering and General Geology”, Katson Publication House, 1987.
2. Krynine and Judd, “Engineering Geology and Geotechniques”, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1990
1. Legeet, “Geology and Engineering”, McGraw-Hill Book Company 1998
2. Blyth, “Geology for Engineers”, ELBS, 1995
The subject of Mechanics of Solids cuts broadly across all branches of engineering profession. At the end of this course, the student will have knowledge about behaviour of members subjected to various type of forces. The subject can be mastered best by solving numerous problems.
1. STRESS STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS, STATES OF STRESS 9
Rigid bodies and deformable solids – stability, strength, stiffness – tension, compression and shear stresses – strain, elasticity, Hooke’s law, limit of proportionately, modules of elasticity, stress-strain curve, lateral strain – temperature stresses – deformation of simple and compound bars – shear modulus, bulk modulus, relationship between elastic constants – biaxial state of stress – stress at a point – stress on inclined plane – principal stresses and principal planes – Mohr’s circle of stresses.
2. ANALYSIS OF PLANE TRUSS, THIN CYLINDERS / SHELLS 9
Stability and equilibrium of plane frames – types of trusses – analysis of forces in truss members method of joints, method of sections, method of tension coefficients – thin cylinders and shells – under internal pressure – deformation of thin cylinders and shells.
3. TRANSVERSE LOADING ON BEAMS 9
Beams – types of supports – simple and fixed, types of load – concentrated, uniformly distributed, varying distributed load, combination of above loading – relationship between bending moment and shear force – bending moment, shear force diagram for simply supported, cantilever and over hanging beams – Theory of simple bending – analysis of stresses – load carrying capacity of beams – proportioning of sections
4. DEFLECTION OF BEAMS AND SHEAR STRESSES 9
Deflection of beams – double integration method – Macaulay’s method – slope and deflection using moment area method, Conjugate Beam method – variation of shear stress – shear stress distribution in rectangular, I sections, solid circular sections, hollow circular sections, angle and channel sections – shear flow – shear centre.
5. TORSION AND SPRINGS 9
Stresses and deformation in circular (solid and hollow shafts) – stepped shafts – shafts fixed at both ends – leaf springs – stresses in helical springs – deflection of springs.
TOTAL : 60
1. Egor P Popov, Engineering Mechanics of Solids, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2003
2. V. N. Vazirani, M.M. Ratwani, Analysis of Structures, Volume – 1, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi
1. Kazimi S.M.A, Solid Mechanics, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co, New Delhi, 2003.
2. William Nash, Theory and Problems of Strength of Materials, Schaum’s Outline Series, McGraw-Hill International Edition.
3. Srinath L.N, Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi, 2003.
The student is introduced to the definition and properties of fluid. Principles of fluid statics, kinematics and dynamics are dealt with subsequently. The application of similitude and model study are covered subsequently. After undergoing this course, the student would have learnt fluid properties and application to real situations of fluid flow.
1. DEFINITIONS AND FLUID PROPERTIES 5
Definitions – Fluid and fluid mechanics – Dimensions and units – Fluid properties – Continuum Concept of system and control volume
2. FLUID STATICS & KINEMATICS 10
Pascal’s Law and Hydrostatic equation – Forces on plane and curved surfaces – Buoyancy – Meta centre – Pressure measurement – Fluid mass under relative equilibrium
Stream, streak and path lines – Classification of flows – Continuity equation (one, two and three dimensional forms) – Stream and potential functions – flow nets – Velocity measurement (Pilot tube, current meter, Hot wire and hot film anemometer, float technique, Laser Doppler velocimetry)
3. FLUID DYNAMICS 10
Euler and Bernoulli’s equations – Application of Bernoulli’s equation – Discharge measurement – Laminar flows through pipes and between plates – Hagen Poiseuille equation – Turbulent flow – Darcy-Weisbach formula – Moody diagram – Momentum Principle
4. BOUNDARY LAYER AND FLOW THROUGH PIPES 10
Definition of boundary layer – Thickness and classification – Displacement and momentum thickness – Development of laminar and turbulent flows in circular pipes – Major and minor losses of flow in pipes – Pipes in series and in parallel – Pipe network
5. SIMILITUDE AND MODEL STUDY 10
Dimensional Analysis – Rayleigh’s method, Buckingham’s Pi-theorem – Similitude and models – Scale effect and distorted models.
TOTAL : 60
1. Kumar, K.L., “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Eurasia Publishing House (P) Ltd., New Delhi, 1995.
2. Garde, R.J. and Mirajgaoker, A.G., “Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Nem Chand Bros., Roorkee
3. Rajput, R.K., “A text book of Fluid Mechanics in SI Units”
4. Fox, Robert, W. and Macdonald, Alan,T., “Introduction to Fluid Mechanics”, John Wiley & Sons, 1995
1. Streeter, Victor, L. and Wylie, Benjamin E., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw-Hill Ltd., 1998.
2. E. John Finnemore and Joseph B. Franzini, “Fluid Mechanics with Engineering Applications”, McGraw-Hill International Edition.
3. Pernard Messay, “Mechanics of Fluids” 7th Edition, Nelson Thornes Ltd. U. K. 1998.
CE1203 CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES, EQUIPMENT AND PRACTICES
4 0 0 100
The main objective of this course is to make the student aware of the various construction techniques, practices and the equipment needed for different types of construction activities. At the end of this course the student shall have a reasonable knowledge about the various construction procedures for sub to super structure and also the equipment needed for construction of various types of structures from foundation to super structure.
1. CONSTRUCTION PRACTICES 15
Specifications, details and sequence of activities and construction co-ordination – Site Clearance – Marking – Earthwork - masonry – stone masonry – concrete hollow block masonry – flooring – damp proof courses – construction joints – movement and expansion joints – pre cast pavements – Building foundations – basements – temporary shed – centering and shuttering sheet piles – slip forms – scaffoldings – de-shuttering forms – Fabrication and erection of steel trusses – frames – braced domes – laying brick –– weather and water proof – roof finishes – air conditioning – acoustic and fire protection.
2. SUB STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 15
Techniques of Box jacking – Pipe Jacking -under water construction of diaphragm walls and basement-Tunneling techniques – Piling techniques- driving well and caisson - sinking cofferdam - cable anchoring and grouting-driving diaphragm walls, sheet piles - shoring for deep cutting- Large reservoir construction with membranes and Earth system- well points -Dewatering and stand by Plant equipment for underground open excavation.
3. SUPER STRUCTURE CONSTRUCTION 15
Launching girders, bridge decks, off shore platforms – special forms for shells - techniques for heavy decks – in-situ pre-stressing in high rise structures, aerial transporting handling - erecting light weight components on tall structures -erection of transmission towers - Construction sequences in cooling towers, silos, chimney, sky scrapers, bow string bridges, cable stayed bridges -Support structure for heavy Equipment and conveyors -Erection of articulated structures, braced domes and space decks
4. EPAIR AND REHABILITATION 5
Study on causes of building damage and deterioration – Assessment of materials and methods of repair and restoration.
5. CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 10
Selection of equipment for earth work - earth moving operations - types of earthwork equipment - tractors, motor graders, scrapers, front end waders, earth movers – Equipment for foundation and pile driving. Equipment for compaction, batching and mixing and concreting - Equipment for material handling and erection of structures - Equipment for dredging, trenching, tunneling, drilling, blasting –– dewatering and pumping equipment – Transporters.
TOTAL : 60
1. Peurifoy, R.L., Ledbetter, W.B. and Schexnayder, C., "Construction Planning, Equipment and Methods", 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, Singapore, 1995.
2. Arora S.P. and Bindra S.P., Building Construction, Planning Techniques and Method of Construction, Dhanpat Rai and Sons, 1997.
1. Jha J and Sinha S.K., Construction and Foundation Engineering, Khanna Publishers, 1993.
2. Sharma S.C. “Construction Equipment and Management”, Khanna Publishers New Delhi, 1988.
3. Deodhar, S.V. “Construction Equipment and Job Planning”, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, 1988.
4. Dr. Mahesh Varma, “Construction Equipment and its Planning and Application”, Metropolitan Book Company, New Delhi-, 1983.
CE1204 SURVEYING I 3 0 0 100
At the end of the course the student will posses knowledge about Chain surveying, Compass surveying, Plane table surveying, Levelling, Theodolite surveying and Engineering surveys.
1. INTRODUCTION AND CHAIN SURVEYING 8
Definition - Principles - Classification - Field and office work - Scales - Conventional signs - Survey instruments, their care and adjustment - Ranging and chaining - Reciprocal ranging - Setting perpendiculars - well - conditioned triangles - Traversing - Plotting - Enlarging and reducing figures.
2. COMPASS SURVEYING AND PLANE TABLE SURVEYING 7
Prismatic compass - Surveyor’s compass - Bearing - Systems and conversions - Local attraction - Magnetic declination - Dip - Traversing - Plotting - Adjustment of errors - Plane table instruments and accessories - Merits and demerits - Methods - Radiation - Intersection - Resection - Traversing.
3. LEVELLING AND APPLICATIONS 12
Level line - Horizontal line - Levels and Staves - Spirit level - Sensitiveness - Bench marks - Temporary and permanent adjustments - Fly and check levelling - Booking - Reduction - Curvature and refraction - Reciprocal levelling - Longitudinal and cross sections - Plotting - Calculation of areas and volumes - Contouring - Methods - Characteristics and uses of contours - Plotting - Earth work volume - Capacity of reservoirs.
4. THEODOLITE SURVEYING 8
Theodolite - Vernier and microptic - Description and uses - Temporary and permanent adjustments of vernier transit - Horizontal angles - Vertical angles - Heights and distances - Traversing - Closing error and distribution - Gale’s tables - Omitted measurements.
5. ENGINEERING SURVEYS 10
Reconnaissance, preliminary and location surveys for engineering projects - Lay out - Setting out works - Route Surveys for highways, railways and waterways - Curve ranging - Horizontal and vertical curves - Simple curves - Setting with chain and tapes, tangential angles by theodolite, double theodolite - Compound and reverse curves - Transition curves - Functions and requirements - Setting out by offsets and angles - Vertical curves - Sight distances - Mine Surveying - instruments - Tunnels - Correlation of under ground and surface surveys - Shafts - Adits.
TOTAL : 45
1. Bannister A. and Raymond S., Surveying, ELBS, Sixth Edition, 1992.
2. Kanetkar T.P., Surveying and Levelling, Vols. I and II, United Book Corporation, Pune, 1994.
1. Clark D., Plane and Geodetic Surveying, Vols. I and II, C.B.S. Publishers and Distributors, Delhi, Sixth Edition, 1971.
2. James M.Anderson and Edward M.Mikhail, Introduction to Surveying, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985.
3. Heribert Kahmen and Wolfgang Faig, Surveying, Walter de Gruyter, 1995.
4. Punmia B.C. Surveying, Vols. I, II and III, Laxmi Publications, 1989
At the end of the course the student will posses knowledge about Survey field techniques
1. Study of chains and its accessories
2. Aligning, Ranging and Chaining
3. Chain Traversing
4. Compass Traversing
5. Plane table surveying: Radiation
6. Plane table surveying: Intersection
7. Plane table surveying: Traversing
8. Plane table surveying: Resection –Three point problem
9. Plane table surveying: Resection – Two point problem
10. Study of levels and levelling staff
11. Fly levelling using Dumpy level
12. Fly levelling using tilting level
13. Check levelling
14. LS and CS
TOTAL : 60
(For a batch of 30 students)
Sl. No. Description of Equipments Quantity
1. Theodolites Atleast 1 for every 10 students
2. Dumpy level Atleast 1 for every 10 students
3. Plain table Atleast 1 for every 10 students
4. Pocket stereoscope 1
5. Ranging rods 1 for a set of 5 students
6. Leveling staff
7. Cross staff
At the end of this course the student should be able to draft on computer building drawings (Plan, elevation and sectional views) in accordance with development and control rules satisfying orientation and functional requirements for the following:
1. Buildings with load bearing walls (Flat and pitched roof) –
Including details of doors and windows 15
2. RCC framed structures 15
3. Industrial buildings – North light roof structures – Trusses 15
4. Perspective view of one and two storey buildings 15
1. Civil Engg. Drawing & House Planning – B.P. Verma, Khanna publishers, Delhi
2. Building drawing & detailing – Dr. Balagopal & T.S. Prabhu, Spades Publishers, Calicut.
1. Building drawing – Shah, Tata McGraw-Hill
2. Building planning & Drawing – Dr. N. Kumaraswamy, A. Kameswara Rao, Charotar Publishing
3. Shah, Kale and Patki, Building Drawing, Tata McGraw-Hill.
30% of the end semester examination paper shall deal with planning, while the rest 70% shall be based on the drafting skill.
ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI B.E DEGREE PROGRAMME CIVIL ENGINEERING SEMESTER III/03 SYLLABUS